Health emergency response

Ongoing security operations by the Government of Pakistan against non-state armed groups in Khyber Agency in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) has resulted in a new influx of internally displaced people (IDPs) into Jalozai camp in January  2012.  More than 10,000 families have arrived at the camp during the past eight days. 

Humanitarian agencies are providing assistance to IDPs in KP and FATA, returnees and “stayers” (people who were never displaced) in FATA, and groups in ‘transition’, either as they become displaced or return to ‘normal life’ in their areas of origin. While there are significant humanitarian interventions underway, many humanitarian needs remain unmet.

The Health Cluster is ensuring the containment and control of disease outbreaks in the camp. The cluster monitors and updates partners on daily disease consultations provided to IDPs, disease trends, including upper respiratory infections, pneumonia, bloody diarrhea, other acute diarrhea, malaria, scabies, and other diseases. Two Health Cluster partners are providing round-the-clock emergency health services through four health posts in the camp, including primary health care, vaccination and maternal, newborn and child health support to the new influx of IDPs.

WHO and partner emergency health teams have responded to five measles cases, two confirmed polio cases and one suspected malaria case reported at the camp since the start of the latest influx into Jalozai camp. Screenings for other suspected cases, routine measles immunization sessions, and vector disease control activities are planned. A total of 16,092 displaced children and women have received BCG, polio, Penta, measles and tetanus vaccinations. Ongoing polio and measles vaccination campaigns in the camp need to be enhanced and coordinated to ensure the vaccination of all children who have deprived vaccination for the last three years due to the security situation in Bara, Khyber Agency.

WHO rapid response team visits health posts in Jalozai camp on a daily basis to monitor and assess the stock of essential medicines.

DENGUE outbreak 

Dengue fever is an important infectious disease in Pakistan with increasingly frequent epidemics. In Pakistan, in the summer of 2011, more than 300 people died of Dengue fever. The prevalence of the disease was over 14,000. The outbreaks occurred mostly in the Lahore area, Punjab, Pakistan

WHO is providing technical assistance to the Government to combat the epidemic. This includes providing standard guidelines and capacity building in the planning and implementation of prevention and control measures. The three main areas of focus are vector control, case management, and community awareness.

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease that has rapidly spread in all regions of WHO in recent years. Dengue virus is transmitted by female mosquitoes mainly of the species Aedes aegypti and, to a lesser extent, Ae. albopictus.